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Al-Mansuri Al-Kabir Great Mosque


Al-Mansuri Al-Kabir Great Mosque

The Great Mosque, the first monument built in the new, Mamluk, Tripoli, remains the largest and best known of the city’s mosques. Officially named the Jami` al-Mansuri al-Kabir after al-Mansur Qala un, who
liberated Tripoli from the Crusaders in 1289, it was erected by his two sons, who had the arcade built around the courtyard in 1314.

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Tripoli View around 1800

Tripoli, Capital of North Lebanon

The ancient city of Tripoli is located in Northern Lebanon. It was founded by the Phoenicians in 800 BC and was named Athar, during the Persian era it became the center of Sidon, Tyre and Arados Island confederation, where Phoenicians met to debate their important affairs, thus became known as Tripoli or "the three cities". The city holds the Fortress of Saint Gilles (Sinjil), built early 12th BC. The castle was remodeled by the Mamluks and Ottomans later.

Several Muslim monuments such as the Great Mosque and the Mosque of Taynal (built using elements from ancient and Crusader monuments) are still preserved in Tripoli. It also has khans (caravansary), souks (bazaars), and the famous Assiba Tower which was built by Mamluks in the 15th BC.

Tripoli has 45 buildings registered as historical sites, many of them date from the 14th century.

Citadel of Tripoli    Latin Tripolis, Arabic Tarabulus, in full Tarabulus Ash-sham (“The Eastern Tripoli”), the city lies 85 kilometres north of Beirut and has a special character all its own. Thanks to its historical wealth, relaxed lifestyle and thriving business climate, this is a city where modern and medieval blend easily into a lively and hospitable metropolis.

Habitation of the site of Tripoli goes back to at least the 14th century BC, but it wasn't until about the 9th century BC that the Phoenicians established a small trading station there.

Under the successors of Alexander the Great during the Hellenistic period, Tripoli was used as a naval shipyard. There is also evidence that it enjoyed a period of autonomy at the end of Seleucid era.

Under Roman rule, starting with the take-over of the area by Pompey in 64-63 BC, the city flourished. During this period the Romans built several monuments in the city. Earthquake and tidal wave destroyed the Byzantine city of Tripoli in 551.

After 635 Tripoli became a commercial and shipbuilding centre under the Omayyads. It achieved semi-independence under the Fatimid Dynasty when it developed into a centre of learning.

At the beginning of the 12th century, the Crusaders lays siege to the city, finally entering it in 1109.


Old Tripoli   In 1268 the castle and the Crusaders burg were occupied and destroyed by Baibars. In 1289 was the fall of Crusader Tripoli (harbour city or El-Mina) to Sultan al-Mansur Qalaw. In the year of 1612 flood destroyed Mamluk monuments. In 1623 Fakhr-ed-Din attacked the forces of Pasha of Tripoli at Anjar; Tripoli fell to Fakhr-ed-Din, (Sultan al-Barr or Sultan of the Land).

Long disputed by rival Syrian princes, it was occupied by the Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the 1830’s and was taken by the British in World War I. It was incorporated into the State of Greater Lebanon (Grand Liban) in 1920.

During World War II, the British and Free French occupied the city and in 1946 it became part of the independent Republic of Lebanon. Principally Muslim, it was a centre of insurrection against the Christian-dominated central government in 1958 and again in 1975–76. In 1982–83 Tripoli was briefly a headquarters of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Syrian soldiers occupied the city from 1985. The city's economy, which was gravely disrupted by the civil war from 1975, began to recover from the late 1980’s.

Tripoli has become Lebanon's second city. It is a major port, a commercial and industrial centre, and a popular beach resort. The city serves as an important oil storage and refining centre. Other industries include the manufacture of soap and cotton goods, sponge fishing, and the processing of tobacco and fruits. A coastal railway, which was closed in the mid-1970’s because of the civil war, links the city with Beirut.                              more>>




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